April 2019: 3D Print for Breast Reconstruction Planning

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3D printed models are playing an increasingly significant role in surgical planning. Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforators (DIEP) are vessels that go through the abdominal muscles and feed the fatty tissue on top of it. This information helps…

March 2019: 3D Printing Fiber Tracts in Brain

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A fiber tract is a collection of nerves in the brain that transmits information. Diffusion Tractography Imaging (DTI) is a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) method that can be used to image these fiber tracts and their relationship…

Aortic Major Diameters Comparison

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The pictures above are measurements done by Stanford’s 3DQ Lab and are taken from one patient’s CT scans over a 3 year period.  It shows an aortic dissection that becomes aneurysmal. An aneurysm is defined as an abnormal bulge of…

Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome (PAES)

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Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome is a rare vascular disease that can be present from birth due to the way the calf muscles develop, or it can develop as a result of athletic training as the calf muscle enlarges. The popliteal artery is the…

Coronary Aneurysm

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67 year old male with severe three-vessel coronary artery disease with occluded native Left Anterior Descending aorta and Right Coronary Artery. Both images display the Left Main Coronary Artery with a small aneurysm (12mm). The proximal…

Anomalous Coronary Origin

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70 year old female with incidental finding of a single coronary artery that bifurcates to supply blood to the right and left sides of the heart. Image A is an oblique slab MIP (Maximum Intensity Projection) displaying a single coronary…

Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries (MAPCAs)

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One-day old female with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs), a rare type of congenital heart defect.  Normally, the pulmonary arteries pump blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs for oxygenation.  In the…

Transposition of the Great Arteries (D-TGA)

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35 yr old, male with a history D-TGA (dextro-Transposition of the Great Arteries) sometimes also referred to as complete transposition of the great arteries, which is a birth defect where the large arteries of the heart, (aorta and pulmonary…

Cholelithiasis (Gallstones)

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79 year old female presenting with right sided abdominal pain, cramping, nausea and vomiting. Post-processing via 3D imaging software, was performed using images from her CT scan for better visualization of her abdomen. This revealed numerous…

Coronary Bypass Surgery

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When blood is unable to flow easily through the arteries of the heart, one may need to undergo coronary bypass surgery. The surgeon must bypass the obstruction since it cannot be dissolved or removed. Bypassing the blockages will supply the…

Calcium Scoring

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46 Year old male with a family history of (CAD) CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE presenting with chest pain. A CT scan was performed to measure the amount of calcium in the coronary arteries. Upon post processing of the calcium score on a sophisticated software…

Fractional Tumor Burden

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A 57 year-old male with a history of brain tumor surgically removed in 1999 and underwent focal radiation therapy. 17 years later, the tumor resurfaced. A magnetic resonance image (MRI) exam of the brain was performed using contrast media that…

3D Print of Cervical Spine Fracture

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Neurosurgery requested a 3D print of a patient's cervical spine fracture to better visualize the orientation of the fracture and involvement of surrounding vessels. Below is a volume-rendered (3D) image of the area to be printed with the fracture…

Quality Control in the 3DQ Lab

The Purpose of Quality Control (QC) in a 3DQ Lab setting is to minimize human errors. By doing this you effectively improve productivity and overall efficiency. In our Lab we have implemented a program with the following criteria: Managers…

Surgical Planning for Epilepsy

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Approximately 1/3 of epilepsy patients have seizures that cannot be controlled with medication.  In these cases, either surgery or an implanted device in the brain may be able to improve seizure control.  To plan for the procedure, it is necessary…

3D Printed Brain Aneurysm

Full-Color Brain Aneurysm October 2017 - 3D Print This print was made for our 3D Printing study we are performing in conjunction with Neuroradiology. This model shows the entanglement of vascular structures in the brain, and how they surround…

Facial Reconstruction

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23 years old male with gunshot wounds to the face. There are extensive comminuted and distorted mid face bony structures with destruction of the maxilla, hard palate, sinuses, nasal cavity, and bilateral zygomatic arch (cheek bones). The…

Virtual Colonoscopy

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This 60 year old female patient underwent a CT Virtual Colonoscopy exam for screening. The purpose of this exam is to examine the large intestine for cancer and growths called polyps. Patients receive a bowel preparation kit which helps to…